Advanced Rock-Climbing Moves to Try
If you are a climbing wall instructor or physical educator with climbing as part of your program, you know firsthand that some people are natural climbers. They instinctively put their bodies in the optimal positions to get across or up the climbing wall, while others need direct instruction. In order to help climbers progress, it’s good to know what to look for so that you can help your climbers improve over time. In the early stages, climbers should work to master the following basic climbing technique.
Basic Climbing Technique:
- Climb with legs first/lead with legs
- Hips close to wall
- Climb facing the wall or sideways
- Knees slightly bent
- Maintain 3 points of contact
Arms & Hands
- Maintain balance
- Lightly grip hand holds
Legs & Feet
- Hold the weight
- Use inside or outside edge of foot
Over time, climbers will become more comfortable on the wall. They will start to anticipate their next move and will develop more fluid and controlled movements. Their upper bodies will also be more relaxed. At this point, they’re ready to employ more advanced climbing moves with their arms, hands, legs and feet. Some climbers will start doing these naturally, while others need to have them directly taught. Here are some advanced climbing moves to try!
Advanced Climbing Moves:
Cross Over: Bring one arm across the other when reaching for or grasping a new hand hold.
Undercling: Grip a hold on its underside, with the palm of the hand facing up.
Match: Put both hands (or feet) on the same hold, usually so that you can switch which hand (or foot) is on the hold in order to reach another more easily.
Smear: Use the friction of the shoe sole to “stick” the foot to the climbing wall surface instead of using a foot hold.